Why 360 Days?

Many historians are astonished to find that the early Maya, otherwise so exact in their day-counts, should mistakenly give the length of a year as 360 days. Later, they very neatly computed the exact length of a year even better than modern man had, until midway through last century.

So, why the 360 day “mistake”? Well, it was no mistake at all. It is merely a mistake in our perception of the cosmos.

Before you shake your head in disbelief and stop reading, consider that the Maya were not the only ones to come up with that number. Other observers from China through the Middle Eastern civilizations also had that number. And, surprisingly, they all got into a quandary about the same time when the year suddenly grew longer.

If it was only one isolated group that had made the embarrassing error it would be one thing but when all the literate civilizations went through the same adjustment, at the same time, the only rational explanation is that the year had suddenly changed from 360 days to 365 days! Impossible as it may seem – especially to the Sagan-oriented among you – but that is the best explanation for the situation.

Immanuel Velikovsky had developed an interesting theory to resolve this apparent insanity of the ancients. In his Worlds in Collision (1950), he explained that some of the planets had left their orbits (through what agency he promised to reveal in a later volume) and one had pulled or pushed the Earth into an orbit slightly further out from the Sun, thus changing the period of our revolution from 360 days to about 365.25 days.

The Babylonians had neatly correlated the earlier 360 days into 12 periods of 30 days – and this is why our circles have 360°, one degree for every day of the year. They did not adjust their numbering system or the degrees in a circle to reflect the new calculations. Can you imagine working in a geometry with the circle having 365.25° in it?

Another interesting thing was that the Moon had a 30 day period at that time, slightly longer that in today’s cosmos. And, yes, the orbit of the Moon changed at the same time as Earth’s year.

Which brings up an interesting point: it the Babylonians used the Moon’s period for the month, why didn’t the Maya do the same? Rather than twelve months of 30 days each, they used eighteen months of twenty days each. Why? It’s not like they couldn’t see the Moon in the sky, right?

Well, again we can turn to Velikovsky’s book to discover an answer. You’re not going to like the answer, I am certain. The scientists in his time did not like it either – but then neither did the historians.

Early inhabitants of the Greek Arcadia (Pelasgains, according to Aristotle) claim to have held the land before the Earth had a Moon. Most historians count this as myth, giving the myth-maker a chance to describe how we got the Moon.

But the Maya also had this period before there was a Moon, otherwise it should have been utilized in their calendar and figured more prominently in their stories of the early cosmos.

The Babylonians developed their calendar and mathematics based on the temporal patterns of the Sun and Moon yet the Maya system apparently predates it, as they seem to have developed it “before the Earth had a Moon”.

At least that is one explanation. If you have another idea, please share it with me.

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5 Responses to “Why 360 Days?”

  1. John Ackerman Says:

    The situation is much more amazing than you even imagine. Between about 3700 and 700 BC ‘Mars’ became captured in a geosynchronous orbit over Mt. Kailas in Tibet and fifteen years later was released into a planetary orbit for approximately the same time. This happened one hundred times! At each capture the spin axis of the mantle was forced to move to Hudson Bay so that the Tibetan-Himalayan complex was temporarily on the equator, while the solid core, isolated by several thousand kilometers of liquid outer core, kept its normal orientation. During the capture periods the added moment of ‘Mars’ (had a solid core then) slowed the rotation of the mantle so that there were only 360 days per year. That is why every ancient culture has both 360 and 365.25 day calendars.

    This also explains the anomalies in the Suns motion found in most ancient cultures, including the Bible, because the reorientation of the mantle caused the heavens to apparently shift (2 Kings 20:11). Velikovsky noted several raash (translated commotions) in the latter part of the old testament at fifteen year intervals, but had no idea that these had been going on for almost 3000 years. The floods that occurred at each capture of ‘Mars’ involved the Mediterranean and Red seas moving across the Middle East toward Mt. kailas every 30 years. This was why all cities were built on tells, with walls around them. The Egyptians built the pyramids on the Giza plateau so everyone could scramble up their sides when the floods came.

    I have written three books on this subject which interpret ancient myths of a number of cultures and also the history and composition of all the planets plus certain religious implications. The solid iron core of the ancient ‘Mars’, which I call priori-Mars, exited that thru the Valles Marineris at the end of the 3000 year period of cyclic catastrophism and became the ‘planet’ Mercury while the mantle and liquid core collapsed in on itself and driftet out to become the planet Mars. During these one-hundred encounters the entire complement of Martian water and atmosphere was captured by the Earth – this is the answer to “Where did all the Martian water go?”
    See http://www.firmament-chaos.com or buy my books Firmament, Chaos, and Peleh: Hidden Knowledge at http://www.bbotw.com.
    John Ackerman

  2. rsmarshal Says:

    A very interesting idea, John.
    A lot of what you talk about coincides with the Velikovskian writings but the repeated encounters with Mars over a three thousand year period is something new.
    I will enjoy cruising over at your blog for awhile. In case anyone is interested, it’s at http://www.manvantura.wordpress.com (I believe John listed it as http://www.manvanture.wordpress.com on his website).
    Thanks for commenting.

  3. John Ackerman Says:

    Thanks rsmarshall for considering my work seriously. Most people’s minds are just too closed to accept such repeated encounters. This is not just a wild idea. It is based on fifteen years of studying a range of myths, but the many details of the encounters and the explanations of the physics puts it on a firm basis. Many of these details are available on my blog: acksblog.firmament-chaos.com

  4. rsmarshal Says:

    I am always open to fresh new ideas. Though grounded in physics and astronomy like yourself – my Dad worked at NASA for years and we kept abreast of everything – I have never been closed to the possibilities that we may not actually know everything.

    Like Tommy Lee Jones’ character commented in the film “Men In Black”, people like to think they have a pretty good bead on things. But what if it ain’t necessarily so?

    I am not one to put all my eggs in one basket.

  5. Mr.Chettry Says:

    hi john & Marshall,
    I had a question in childhood..where the Earth goes after 360 d/days..I got the answer now…” the Earth goes for Cosmos cub of stars..for 5.25 d/days..leaving its original path/orbit “. The Earth secretly meets only Star Sirius..above d Sky..8.7 light years away..Mother Sun has to wait and adjust the celestial tour of her son Earth. Poor Mother is compelled to believe her son is in regular duty whereas Son is in a Visual hallucination of d Starry gloss/shine.”

    PB Chettry
    pl. reply to this comment : pbchettry@yahoo.com
    mob. +919436270007, INDIA

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