Astronomical Cycles

Given that all calendar systems in the world are built around celestial motions – day and year from the Sun, the month from the Moon, primarily – it is likely that the Mayan Calendar was designed to align with similar phenomena.

Noting their attention to the cycles of the planets – Venus, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn – I would say it is close to a sure bet. They were obsessed with celestial motions. But then so were the majority of ancient civilizations.

But it is also a pretty fair assumption that, from modern scientific theories aside, the celestial motions we see today was not what the ancients were seeing. What evidence is there? Quite a bit, actually.

First of all, many ancient civilizations kept track of the days in a year – as well as the days in a month – and they were all in agreement that the year was 360 days long and the month had thirty days. Then, at the same period, all the calendars went haywire.

Historians say it was simply a case of miscounting. Really? I might believe that if they all had different numbers for the year but most were in agreement of 360 days. And when the numbers went crazy, it was the same the world around. And after a few years they all came up with the new numbers for the year and month lengths… and they were, again, in agreement.

It was not that the ancients did not know how to count, what they were counting was something we can no longer see. And what did they see? I don’t know if we’ll ever know. Some creative mathematician could probably put the data into a formula and come up with an answer, but that is not my strength.

One person even suggested that the length of the year was 260 days in the far distant past and the reason for the length of the tzolkin, but I have not found corroborating evidence.

If Velikovsky is correct, we can understand their fascination – or horror – with the planets Venus, Mars, and Mercury. But why the reverence – or is it apprehension? – of the Pleiades? It is not like they could have gone out of orbit and had a close encounter with Earth… they are not in orbit. But could something have come from the direction of the Pleiades in the past that made them wary of that constellation?

Their myths would seem to indicate something of the sort but, once again, exactly what is not quite known.

I wonder if someone has done an astrological or astronomical study on this subject?

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3 Responses to “Astronomical Cycles”

  1. John Ackerman Says:

    The number of days per year did not change just once, or even a few times. Almost every ancient culture had calendars of both 360 and 365.25 days per year. Most people have seen or have decorated their homes with the circular Aztec calendar which has 369 days, corresponding to the 360 day year, plus five ‘bad’ days on an inner circle.
    The reason for this is that Mars orbited the Earth geosynchronously for fifteen years at a time and then escape into a planetary orbit that crossed that of the Earth for an (approximately) equal period of time. This cycle was repeated one hundred times and was the origin of the myths of all ancient culture from about 3700 to 700 BC.
    When Mars was captured in a geosynchronous orbit the added moment caused the pair to revolve more slowly, i.e. 360 days per year. Thus every culture experienced the two days-per-year calendar. I have written three books explaining all the physical details of these encounters, which have been around for about ten years. Because those events are seemingly impossible based on the current configuration of the solar system, no one can believe them. But that ancient configuration lasted longer than the current one. Understanding those cosmic events reveals the true nature of every planet, which modern astrophysicists have completely wrong. For example: Jupiter and Saturn are not gaseous planets, Mercury is the former solid core of Mars, Venus is about 6,000 years old and all NEAs, short period comets and meteorites were blasted from Mars between 3700 and 700 BC. Also, 4.7 billion years is not the age of the solar system, it is merely the age of Mars (and Mercury of course). In fact we have no idea of the age of the solar system and little prospect of ever finding it out.
    My books: Firmament, Chaos and Peleh: Hidden knowledge are available from by John Ackerman. My website is and my catastrophism blog is
    John Ackerman

  2. John Ackerman Says:

    Sorry, 369 should read 360
    John Ackerman

  3. Latest Astronomical 2012 news – Astronomy, Fallacies, & 2012 Doomsday Prediction: End of the World … Says:

    […] Astronomical Cycles […]

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