Archive for the ‘1-Mayan history/myth’ Category

As Above, So Below?

May 12, 2016



The Orion Correlation was proposed by Robert Bauval in 1983.

This was the idea that the three great pyramids at Giza (in Egypt) were planned according to the positioning of the stars on Orion’s belt.

One thing lead to another and an entire corpus of ancient religion has now been infused with so many astronomical correlations. And mysteries. What were the ancients saying to us about the importance of this correlation? It must have been fairly important to spend so much time and effort into what should otherwise seem a very lengthy exercise in futility.

Many mainstream scientists and historians – naturally, of course – disagree with anything of the sort.

Most think the connection is far too superfluous to have any grounds in reality.

Enter the Mayan connection…

Many, many researchers have noted the striking parallels between the Mayan civilization and that of the Nile river. Pyramids, for a start, and it goes onward from there.

Yet until now there has been no constructions in Mayaland that resembled this correlation with the stars in heaven. (Well except for that god thing I have mentioned a few times.)

Now, this parlor game, usually dismissed as child’s play by many scholars has been given a new lift. Incidentally, as child’s play.

Yes, a ten-year-old lad from Canada was enthused about the Maya civilization and was busy mapping out all the centers of their civilization when he made a tantalizing connection:

The cities were arranged in patterns that resembled the constellations overhead!

Once he happened onto this nifty piece of serendipity, he sought to find more correlations.

Unfortunately, for his theory, there was a blank space where he was certain a Mayan center should have been. The historical researches had shown no city at that location.

So he got a hold of satellite photos and discovered that there is evidence of a city at that exact location!

See more at http://nypost.com/2016/05/10/kid-finds-mayan-settlement-while-messing-around-on-google-maps/

Perhaps some other intrepid non-mainstream researchers will lead us further in our quest for knowledge rather than simply dismissing such things out of hand.

And perhaps it will assist our understanding of the Egyptians, as well.



12/20 – the sequel

December 21, 2013

A Mayan stone calendar

Well, it has been an interesting year since “the end of the world” or something like that.

Many of the Maya prophets were expecting the “actual end” to fall on the end-date of the tzolkin in which 12/20/12 occurred, which would have been March 31st, 2013.

But nothing happened then either.

So the end of the next tzolkin was looked at and that would be yesterday, the first-aversary of the original end-date.

The day is over and it certainly does not look like anything untoward happened.

As much good work as the Maya put into their wonderful calendar, it seems to have proven to be flawed in some regard. And as a predictive tool it is found to be a bit short in effectiveness.



The Mayans Were Wrong!

December 26, 2012

That’s what I am seeing a lot around the web these days, now that the 21st has passed and the planet Earth is still standing.

But hold the phone.

The Mayans never said the world was going to end on December 21st, 2012. That was entirely our interpretation. As I mentioned before about the other calculations for the End-Date based on correlations done by people who were not G, M, or T.

Even the end-date correlation favored by Linda Schele (the 23rd of December, 2012) has already passed without a whimper.

All this means is that the correlations we have made are in error. Our calculations for the end date are wrong, not the Mayans.

Of course, that does not mean that the Mayans were not wrong about the ending of their calendar but only that our correlation for it is off. Perhaps we should research the thing a little bit more and come up with a better correlation before we claim the Mayans were wrong.

It may still come to pass, some future day, and we’ll be able to better correlate their calendar – or see if they were really wrong.

Until then, the world continues as it has and – more importantly – the Sun continues as it has for some five thousand years.

If nothing changes in that regard, then the Mayans were wrong.

For now, the only ones wrong were us.

No New News

December 7, 2012

In the past few months I have seen several news flashes about exciting new discoveries from Mexico about the Mayan Calendar.

Since this is something I have had a keen interest in, I quite naturally read the articles. Unfortunately, there was nothing really new about it. I mean, sure, they had uncovered something new but their interpretations were completely un-new.

One article mentioned new interpretations of an older legend, trying again to defuse the 2012 furor. Another was from a meeting of the Mayan Council who announced the end-date was nothing more than a spiritual awakening. Yes, more of the usual stuff in the press.

But one mentioned the finding of a second source of the 2012 prophecy.

Yes, a second source about the ending of the Mayan calendar was found and it created a stir but it merely seemed to corroborate the standard historical model.

The really shocking thing about this announcement to most people was: what? only a second reference? You mean all this fuss about the world coming to an end rests solely on the shoulders of the interpretation of one single historical source?

(Yes, and there are still many historians who think that interpretation is in error. So, all the fuss really does seem much ado about nothing, huh?)

Anyway, this last announcement was made about this time last year. Until then there had only been one inscription about the end of the calendar. (Yes, only ONE. The Tortuguero tablet was found years ago and mentioned something going to happen on that day.)

This new inscription was called “the Comalcalco brick” for the site where it was found. Several scholars said the inscription uses the past tense and it an historical reference, not a prophecy.

The new find was also apparently covered with stucco and, supposedly, never meant to be seen. Of course, that makes it seem like it was not meant to be seen… until now, but that sounds too much like conspiracy theory, doesn’t it?


In case you are unfamiliar with the only Classic Mayan reference to the end date, the Tortuguero tablet describes some action on December 21st, 2012, involving Bolon Yokte, a Mayan god associated with both war and creation.

Damage to the stone tablet, decay, and a crack seem to obscure the end of the message, though some interpret the ending as: “He will descend from the sky.”

Of course, the historians say it is all a tempest in a teapot and the Mayans say there is nothing to worry about.

So we should probably just relax, huh?

Except if the God of War and Creation (implying destruction first) was coming, I would definitely want to take from precautions, wouldn’t you?


My last entry on the Chilam Balam also had something interesting to note about Bolon Yokte.


Looking In & Out, Up & Down, Heaven and Hell

December 6, 2012

In my studies, I have dealt at length with the mythologies of the gods from cultures all over the world and they seem to fall into two categories: the gods in the heavens (the planets) and the gods on the planet (“earth spirits”).

The gods in the heavens are the usual: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and so forth. Some include Uranus, which can be seen with the naked eye even today (if you’re well away from the cities’ light pollution and you know where to look).

The gods on the planet include rulers of rivers, oceans, mountains, crops, fertility, childbirth, harvest, and so forth, including forest spirits, guardians of the sailors, the hunters, et cetera.

In normal parlance, historians usually divide these two “religious” systems into two distinct types. Those who worshiped the gods above are said to have “complex” religions, and the others are said to have “pagan” religions. The complex ones are based – they claim – on abstract ideas of divine influences whereas the others are far too pragmatic to delve into the abstract.

Another reason the complex religions are given “favored” status is that they were the ones who are believed to have evolved into the major religions of today. Pagan religions, assigning deification to physical objects and forces, could not delve into any deeper, abstract thoughts. Meaning, in other words, the pagan aspects were something we higher thinking mammals have thankfully moved away from.

I’m afraid to disillusion such historians. The “god in heaven” group was no more abstract thinkers than the “pagan” groups. Their concerns were just beyond the everyday while the others were more concerned with day-to-day matters. The latter figured if the gods in the heavens were battling it out, it was no concern of theirs. The up-lookers were guided by fear more than prophecy but they eventually saw the gods interfere with the affairs of Man. At which point, the gods above even interfered with the more pagan types.

What they both experienced during these encounters was far from abstract thought. See the writings of Velikovsky (Worlds in Collision and Earth in Upheaval specifically) to see descriptions of those encounters.

The upward gazers came to prominence because their gods suddenly had an influence “down here” and their power seemed to far override the paltry forces of all the earth spirits combined.

In some systems, the elements of both wound up combined. The number of gods in the heavens may have increased but the ones who were also the planets also stood out as the “major” players in the pantheon. Earth spirits and such were always “lesser lights” though several of these were assigned places in the sky as stars or constellations.

The view had shifted from the energies and powers of the planets and nature, to the unbridled passions of the planets when they run rampant through the signs, exhibiting their personalities and threatening to upset the wonderful balance that had been life on Earth.


Just a few rambling thoughts on the subject.


the Prophecies of the Chilam Balam

December 4, 2012

There has been a lot of interest in this ancient “book of prophecy” on many websites and especially in the books of Carl Calleman.

They were written as reference guides for the local priests to keep the future straightened out for their people. Glimpse what is coming and let everyone sort of know what to expect for the coming year.

Except rather than years, it seems to have been broken down into katuns… periods of almost twenty years. If the idea of twenty year chunks of time are a little difficult to grasp, think of it more along the lines of our own history with these place markers:

President William Henry Harrison • President Zachary Taylor • President Abraham Lincoln • President James Garfield • President William McKinley • President Warren G. Harding • President F. D. Roosevelt • President John Kennedy

You know, all the American Presidents who died in office. Their terms were all twenty years apart and show you the short of time span we are talking about.

Sir J. Eric Thompson summarizes the effects of each of the katuns from the Books of Chilam Balam of Chumayel and Tizimin:

in order, arranged by end date (all periods ended on the day called Ahau)

11 Ahau: Barren is the katun; scanty are its rains . . . misery.
9 Ahau: Drought, famine.
7 Ahau: Carnal sin. Roguish rulers.
5 Ahau: Harsh his face, harsh his tidings.
3 Ahau: Rains of little profit, locusts, fighting.
1 Ahau: The evil katun.
12 Ahau: The katun is good.
10 Ahau: Drought is the charge of the katun.
8 Ahau: There is an end of greed; there is an end to causing vexation . . . much fighting
6 Ahau: Shameless is his speech.
4 Ahau: The Quetzal shall come . . . Kukulcan shall come.
2 Ahau: For half the katun there will be bread; for half the katun there will be water.
13 Ahau: There is no lucky day for us.

So, for the thirteen katuns in sequence, it would seem that they all foretell doom and destruction with the exception of 12 Ahau, at the dead center of the group.

Wow! With such negativity, you really would have expected them to predict the end of the world… and that would be something to look forward to, as a way of ending all their gloom.

As an example of the full text of a katun prophecy, consider the first prophecy for katun 11 Ahau in the Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel (from Thompson):

Katun 11 Ahau is established at Ichcaanzihoo*. Yax-haal Chac is its face. The heavenly fan, the heavenly bouquet shall descend. The drum and rattle of Ah Bolon-yocte*** shall resound. At that time there shall be the green turkey; at that time there shall be Zulim Chan; at that time there shall be Chakanputun****. They shall find their food among the trees; they shall find their food among the rocks, those who have lost their crops in katun 11 Ahau.

* – at Merida
** – this refers to the Green Rain God, the Lord of this Katun
*** – the regent or priest of the Katun
**** – apparently all these are symbols of times when the people were driven from their homes into the forest (hm, I guess that sort of thing happened a lot to the Mayans… and maybe why they later seemed to desert all their cities)

It is assumed these various chilam balams were still being used when they were written down in the 17th and 18th centuries and that they reflected what the Mayans had been using at an earlier period. What I cannot understand is why their prophetic outlook was so drab, so negative. Didn’t they see anything good coming in the future?

Perhaps we have been misled by historians and the Maya really did predict the end of the world. As a means of escaping this drudgery if nothing else.

But I don’t think so. Even if this paints a rather negative and dreary picture of their world view.


Interestingly enough, most scholars do not think the Chilam Balam books painted a true picture of the Mayan world before the Spanish conquest. They see too many points where the prophecies predict the coming of a new religion in order to give some veracity to the Church’s influence in the area.

Perhaps the reason they reflect such gloom and doom is only to show that Christianity was a better way to go.

So, rather than books of prediction, they were nothing more than religious tracts for the Church but written in language and symbology that the indigenous population could understand.

Therefore, their use in this whole 2012 movement becomes suspect… and a little useless.


the Pleiades

December 3, 2012

“Can you bind the chains of the Pleiades, or loose the cords of Orion?” — Job 38:31

There are myths about the Pleiades from all around the world. The repeating themes that appear on six continents are:
– children, playing rather than working
– women, usually running from a suitor or grieving the death of one
– fire, either as the birthplace of fire or the gateway through which fire is received
– and though most cultures list them as seven, some only have six, Muhammad claimed there were twelve
– several cultures say it is a hundred stars

I had hoped to find the mythology of the Pleiades was localized thematically, where very similar myths would have been in one geographic area and another type of myth in another. That would have made it easier to interpret the myths as seeing some cosmic event differently from different quarters. Unfortunately, that is not the case.

There seem to be two motifs connected with the Pleiades: first, people rising up to become the stars (whether six or seven females or up to 400 boys) and, second, something coming from the cluster (fire or water).

In the Mayan corpus, it is important as well and is mentioned in the legend of the Hero Twins as the 400 boys who were killed by a son of Seven Macaw. (And why would the Big Dipper mean so very much to them, anyway?) In Saturnian Cosmology, it is contended that the planet Saturn was in the northern region for centuries and that all early religions pointed to the polar sky as the home of the god. Well, perhaps all religions but the Mayan (though I have yet to see more than one or two that actually claim such). The Mayan claim Seven Macaw (the Big Dipper) claimed the glory of the god but was never actually the head honcho.

The Aztecs were even more concerned about the Pleiades as they used the Fire Ceremony every 52 years when the fires were extinguished until the Pleiades passed the zenith and the morning light began to grow in the east.

Exactly what the Aztecs were afraid of is not known. Unless, of course, it had to do with the “fire ceremony” they tell about the gods. The Aztecs thought Teotihuacán was the home of the gods and tell of a mythical event that happened there: the Sun had gone out and the gods gathered around a ceremonial fire they set up to decide who would become the next Sun. One proud and haughty god demanded the honor and went to through himself on the flames (and thus somehow become the next Sun). Three times he approached the flames but they roared up and forced him back. Then a small pock-marked god rushed past and flung himself into the flames. The Sun ignited and he became the new Sun.

Though this is very telling in many respects, it was after the Mayan period and does not specifically concern the Pleiades.

From website of Dr. George Pararas-Carayannis we learn that there are many ancient myths from around the world that tell of how humanity suffered through repeated destructions by fire and flood. These tales of catastrophe were usually thought to be nothing more than exaggeration. But there are too many traditions connecting the Pleiades with some kind of catastrophe to be overlooked.

There is the Osiris/Saturn legend from Egypt. Osiris was drowned by Seth, who then cut the body to pieces and scattered them to the sky where they became the Pleiades. Saturn (Khima) is connected with the Pleiades. Their names are frequently confused in the Holy Bible where Khima is translated as “Pleiades” instead of as “Saturn”. The Pleiades is also connected with the Flood of Noah. The third Deluge occurred when the male waters from the sky met the female waters issuing forth from the ground. The male waters from the sky fell through holes in the sky which were made by God when he removed stars out of the constellation of the Pleiades. Some scholars hypothesize that the Universal Deluge of Noah was caused by a passing cosmic body but Velikovsky claims it was caused by the planet Saturn.

The connection between Saturn and the Pleiades seems well-founded in ancient times but the meaning still seems a little obscure.

Several Sanskrit texts refer to a nova or brightening of a star in the cluster of Pleiades. There is also a story about a strange fire associated with this cluster by which the seasons were reversed as a war broken between gods and demons. A large fiery body then fell to Earth, causing earthquakes, a rise in the sea-level, widespread drought, and severe famine.

Some scholars date the observation of a super nova to c.2500-3000 B.C. or even earlier. The impact crater and the falling meteors could have occurred c.1800-2200 B.C.

Very far away, the Aztecs of Mexico believed that these stars could prevent the demons of darkness from descending to Earth and devouring men. For this reason, they offered their deities human sacrifices. Their depressing vision of doom came from their Legend of the Five Suns: the universe was impermanent and would come to an end like everything else. The cycle would not continue for ever, allowing for only be five “Suns” each with its own name.

The first sun was Four Water. The second was Four Jaguar. Then came Four Rain, followed by Four Wind, and then the fifth and final sun: four Movement. This world, our world, will be destroyed by earthquakes. Five was for the Aztecs a sacred number, based on the five directions (the four cardinal directions PLUS the center).

And for the Aztecs, the center was understood to be the star cluster of the Pleiades.


Returning to the problem quoted from the Book of Job at the top, what are the cords of Orion? What are the chains of the Pleiades?

Could there have been some cycle of long-standing nature by which planet Earth was “chained” to some action perceived to have come to us through the intervention of the Pleiades?

The precise nature of that action is still unknown. Whether it came down from there or rose up to there (or perhaps a bit of both) we may never know.

All we know for certain is that many ancient peoples from around the world stood in awe of the pretty little cluster of lights.

Awe… and more than a little fear.


Less than Four Weeks and Counting…

November 26, 2012

That is, if you are one of those who’s bothering to count.

Less than four weeks from now, the election will be old news, Christmas holidays will have started for most people, and it will be the day AFTER the end-of-the-world.

Hm, I wonder what I’ll be getting for Christmas this year?

The Mayan Calendar will have come to its final day and on the 22nd of December, four weeks from now, the New Calendar will begin.

Not the end of the world, just the end of the calendar.

And, of course, most of the 2012 websites will slowly fade, vanishing from the internet vistas, and I will probably see a large reduction of interest in both this blog as well as sales of my book 12-20-2012; Our Last Golden Sunset? but that sort of thing is to be expected.

Then the groundskeepers will come in and clean up all the litter left lying around… that sort of thing.

But the question for many people who were not the thrillseekers-of-the-new-millenium will wonder what the heck the Mayans were talking about. Perhaps Carlos Barrios or another of the Mayan Council will release a new book to tell us what was really going on, if they even know.

Perhaps cooler heads will prevail and begin to look at what the Maya were really talking about. Believe me, it’s not that complicated.

They told us right up front what their story, their calendar, all the hoopla was really all about.

So, perhaps we should look at the possibility of a new correlation…

That is, if nothing really happens on the 21st of December.


A Thought On Ancient Cave Art

November 6, 2012

Most people see the cave drawings of hunters bringing down a mammoth and think that was what the cave dwellers usually did.

I don’t see it that way.

We look across the internet today and see many blogs with people posting pictures of their fabulous vacations, impressive purchases, or things that amaze them.

Rarely do we see pictures of the commonplace. How often have you taken a camera to work to picture yourself doing the same old grind?

No one does.

Neither did the caveman.

The time it took to make the inks and pigments and put the pictures up precludes it being graffiti. It was memorializing some great event, not a commonplace.

The ancients may differ from us in so many ways but I think at the heart of the matter they were very human, exactly as we are today.

They were not stupid, just technologically handicapped compared to us. In the essence though they were not so very different than the people today.

By studying the art, we can understand what amazed them, what confounded them, what they thought was immeasurably important.

Just like our social networking today.

We have to adjust our thinking a little to understand what they pictured and why, but it is not really that much of a quantum leap, is it?

Though the centuries have brought many changes, people are still – basically – people.

So we have to examine the ancient artwork of the Mayans in the same regard. They pictured what was remarkable, commemorated the unusual, displayed mysteries uncovered of things that astounded them.

If it was anything less, they would not have bothered.

Seven Weeks and Counting…

November 3, 2012

That is, if you are one of those who’s bothering to count.

Seven weeks from now, the election will be over by six weeks, Christmas holidays will have started for most people, and it will be the day AFTER the end-of-the-world.

Hm, I wonder what I’ll be getting for Christmas this year?

The Mayan Calendar will have come to its final day and on the 22nd of December, seven weeks from now, the New Calendar will begin.

Not the end of the world, just the end of the calendar.

And, of course, most of the 2012 websites will slowly fade, vanishing from the internet vistas, and I will probably see a large reduction of interest in both this blog as well as sales of my book 12-20-2012; Our Last Golden Sunset? but that sort of thing is to be expected.

Then the groundskeepers will come in and clean up all the litter left lying around… that sort of thing.

But the question for many people who were not the thrillseekers-of-the-new-millenium will wonder what the heck the Mayans were talking about. Perhaps Carlos Barrios or another of the Mayan Council will release a new book to tell us what was really going on, if they even know.

Perhaps cooler heads will prevail and begin to look at what the Maya were really talking about. Believe me, it’s not that complicated.

They told us right up front what their story, their calendar, all the hoopla was really all about.

So, perhaps we should look at the possibility of a new correlation…

That is, if nothing really happens on the 21st of December.