Posts Tagged ‘Carl Johan Calleman’

Our Next Research: The True End-Date

January 1, 2013

Now that the ruckus of the Mayan Calendar End-Date has arrived and passed without any apparent effect, it is time to start re-calculating the true end-date of their Long Count.

Why is this of any importance? Because they told us what the end of the calendar meant and it would be nice to have a little heads-up for the startling event. See my entries leading up to the 21st of December for more information if you have no idea what I’m talking about. Specifically the entry for December 20th, although you may require to read the several posts preceding that one to make sense of what I am talking about.

So, where did the GMT correlation go wrong? How could so many professional historians blow it? That it, if indeed, it was blown at all. You know, it could be that the Mayans had the entire thing wrong, even for the reasons they have always mentioned.

Yeah, maybe. But if they were right and the correlation wrong, what can we do?

First, we need to find some dates that are fixed that we can relate their history to. At the moment, the correlation is hinged onto an entry by the Spanish churchman, Landa, in his texts. He mentioned the Mayans celebrated a certain calendar event on a certain day on his calendar.

The problem for this correlation is that the Maya themselves had ceased to use the Long Count some six centuries earlier. And if they had quit using it, how were they to calculate the exact date of the baktun or katun ending? Perhaps they had dropped a cycle or part of the sequence in the intervening years and could not themselves reliably place the date in question with any accuracy. This same problem was noted by John Major Jenkins in his online article “Maya Elders and 2012” at

Perhaps I have misstated the problem but it would seem that after six centuries without its use, keeping exacting track of the Long Count may have been lost.

It is probable that the tzolkin has not lost its sequencing. It is relatively small and easy for every locality to keep the sequence straight. So I would assume the ending of the Long Count would fall on some future rendition of either 13 Ahau (end of tzolkin) or 4 Ahau (end of Long Count).

The next 13 Ahau is March 31st, 2013. The next 4 Ahau is September 7th, 2013.

The Mayan Elder, Don Alejandro had stated (I believe in early 2009), that the calendar would end on December 21st, 2012, but the Sun would darken on the last day of March 2013. Alejandro claims the darkness will result from an “eclipse” and the duration of the darkness will be in the range of 60-70 hours.

Then, of course, Jenkins says the “darkening” of the Sun is merely a poetic way to state the Sun will align with the black hole at Galactic Central. But know better. The Maya did not build their calendar to point to any vague sort of allegory. They specifically said “New Sun” not New Age as Jenkins prefers.

There has never been an eclipse of the Sun that endured for 60-70 hours (almost three days!) so the darkening must be from some other agency.

Still, if it is of such short duration – rather than the 200 days mentioned in the ancient texts – I would be most pleased.

That is, if the 13 Ahau is correct. Bruce Fenton @ seems to think that the Long Count ended on the 21st of December but the real change would come at the end of the tzolkin we were in the midst of when the ending came. He lists several interesting correlations with this new date in his article Mayan 5th Sun on 13 Ahau 31-03-2013 (

Again, we shall have to wait and see if the Maya were anywhere close in their predictions.

Obviously, nothing happened on 12/21/2012.

Well, nothing we could see.

the Golden Enlightenment snake oil salesmen

January 7, 2012

Of all the theories about 2012, the one that tempts me most is the one about universal enlightenment and the coming Golden Age. Most of the authors and websites are backing this horse. And it is a very attractive entry. A peaceful change, a healthy change, a beneficial change to all of mankind as we head into a brighter, more user-friendly future.

Yes, I really like that theory. If only…

Unfortunately, I have seen this snake-oil salesman before.

Only in the 1960’s they hitched it to the Dawning of the Age of Aquarius. Same shtick, different date. They called for more peace, love, and understanding and all I’ve seen is more war, hate, and destruction. So far, Aquarius is not my cup of tea.

Of course, many now tell us the “actual” Age of Aquarius has not come yet, so there is still some time for the “universal enlightenment” to descend upon us. They tell us that the real Aquarian time is not due to start for a century or more. And yet some prophets have now pegged the start to December 21st, 2012. How convenient, huh?

Back in the day, there were many more people proclaiming the coming Golden Age than those predicting the end of the world. So, now, the 2012 phenomenon has given both sides a chance to renew their campaign of hope (or doom, as the case may be).

Even with all the primary writers on the 2012 phenomenon pulling for this scenario – and though John Major Jenkins, Jose Argüelles, and Carl Calleman may differ on major points, on this one they are still unified – this is to my mind the least likely of all the scenarios. Why? Well, let’s just say I have studied enough of human history to know what mankind would do with such “enlightenment”. Not being cynical, just being a realist. Without some basic understanding of what the enlightenment would mean, I do not see much impetus for people to change.

I would much prefer the Spiritual Convergence descending on us but the evidence for it is mighty slim. What evidence is offered? All the prophets for this angle merely state that the Maya were spiritual. That may be, but what exactly does that mean? What does that prove?

Unfortunately, not much.

And we are once again left where we were, like in the ’60’s with the love beads, the flower power, and nothing but a slim hope of universal enlightenment.

The End of the World… Again

December 31, 2011

Harold Camping, a radio evangelist, made a bit of news recently by predicting the world was going to end… on May 21st, 2011.

As this entry is being entered after that date, we can assume it did not come to pass.

Actually, he was predicting the “rapture” would occur on that date and the world of those left behind would go through a series of tribulation until Oct. 2011 when the real final day would come.

So, May 21st was only important for those being raptured.

It was the Oct. 21st date that was going to be the Big One. So, everyone could get ready (once again) for the end of the world!!

Far be it from me to point out that this learned preacher also predicted the end of the world for September 1994. He was off by quite a bit, there.

What really is most intriguing about this new date he has set, Oct. 21, 2011, is exactly one week before the date Carl Calleman has set for the true End Date of the Mayan Calendar: Oct. 28, 2011.

So, it looked like John Major Jenkins and the remainder of the 2012 gurus were going to be upstaged by the radio evangelist and Calleman?


I did not hold my breath for either date.

And not even for Dec. 21st, 2012.

The Mayans were never talking about the end of the world even though we seem to be obsessed with wanting it to end.

And from the rate we are progressing, I don’t see much of that “gradual enlightenment” John Major Jenkins is always talking about, either.

If we studied a little harder, we might actually begin to make some sense of this subject.

Or shall we continue wallowing in non-sense?

the Book of Destiny

March 23, 2010

I recently finished reading the new book by Carlos Barrios, a Mayan Shaman and member of the Council of Maya Elders. It is really a must read for anyone interested in the whole Maya End-of-Days Calendar craze.

There are so many insights given to the way of thinking of the Maya, past and present, that one can almost sense the marvel of the ancient and classic Maya themselves. Their world view is refreshing – as opposed to our usual instant-gratification planned-obsolescence – and reminiscent of the old pagan societies around the world.

The one major turn-off for me in the volume was the tease with “unrevealed” Mayan lore that he would introduce and then explain that the Council of Elders said they were not going to release that data just yet. What’s the big deal, huh?

There was also a few points where he was commenting how good their prophecies were and mentioned a few things they had predicted. It would have helped if he had mentioned exactly where they had predicted these events so we could see the wonders of their prophecy for ourselves, but that was not forthcoming. Many writers mention the Books of Chilam Balam as great prophetic works but they seem as definitive as the quatrains of Nostradamus. I prefer my prophecy a little more exacting.

In another spot he mentioned that the Maya had computed the Venus cycle during the Sun just previous to the current one. But I thought the birth of Venus coincided with the start of this Sun. That could, however, be a misunderstanding somewhere along the line.

Those couple of bits aside, the book transported me into the different world of the Maya, past and present. Their spirituality was so infused in their culture that it is easy to see how Jenkins, Calleman, and the other major writers on the subject continually stress the spiritual aspect of the End-Date. One begins to think that perhaps the “golden age” of human enlightenment is the true meaning of the completion of the Long Count.

Another interesting note in the volume is the inclusion of the extended history of the Maya people and the location they came from across the eastern sea that preceded their sojourn in Mesoamerica: Atlantis. This notion dovetails fairly well with what Edgar Cayce said about the Atlanteans as well.

I do not know how long the Elders are going to wait before revealing the remainder of their hidden knowledge but I will be on the watch for the next volume in the set.

Whenever they decide to release it.

How This All Started

January 25, 2010

Like most people, I was unaware of the Mayan End-Date, even though it had been debated in scholarly journals for decades. That changed in 1987 with the publication of Jose Argüelles’ book, The Mayan Factor. I picked up a copy in an esoteric bookstore in 1990 and was fascinated. I was not alone.

Since that time, I have followed the further researches of Argüelles and those that were also inspired: John Major Jenkins, Carl Johan Calleman, Adrian Gilbert, Maurice Cotterell, Michael Tsarion, and others. The interest led me to read Linda Schele and Anthony Aveni as well. The last two are mainstream Maya scholars while the remainder are, like myself, somewhere out on the fringe.

What had begun as an interesting metaphysical construction by Argüelles has become a rather large and diverse field of studies ranging from the heavily scientific to the extremely speculative, and even some wildly speculative.

Argüelles was an Art professor before his immersion in Mayan studies as was Linda Schele, one of the greatest scholars in the field of Maya Studies. Each brought the eye of an artist to the inscriptions of the Maya in order to better understand the nuances of the carved glyphs. Through this understanding, each was able to further their interpretation of the Maya, their culture, and their meaning in our present world.

Most of the writers in this fringe field do not come from the hallowed halls of historical scholarship but have ventured onto this path through other, more personal, callings. Each has brought a different view and a variant understanding of the End-Date phenomenon. As the subject has grown and diversified, the variations in the theories have grown wider. Two authors who began in agreement in the main have diverged in specifics as their studies and researches have carried them in different directions. They each offer some wider understanding as they delve deeper.

So, while Argüelles has focused on his interpretation of a Maya Calendar for our times, the Dreamspell Calendar, and Jenkins has narrowed his research on the End-Date itself and the crossing of the Sun across the Galactic Center, Calleman has chosen to investigate the fifth stellar age and its sub-ages, each with their own influences, and the others have found other portions to focus their attention on.

The interpretations are as varied as the authors. But whose is correct? Consulting with the Maya on the subject does not help clarify the situation as they seem to agree with Argüelles… and Jenkins… and Calleman… and – so forth.

Their agenda seems not to be which theory is correct – they are far too removed from the past to know the answer – but that the Maya are well represented in the portrayals. It is a political agenda but, judging from the politics in the region they live, quite understandable. This subject is their heritage and they are protective of it.

It is not correct that we should expect them to understand the workings of the ancient form of the calendar and its true meaning. They are more than a millennium removed from those Maya.

But if we cannot consult the present-day Maya on the subject, to whom can we turn? Is there any other sources we can consult?

the Mayan End Date

January 2, 2010

As I have said before, the Mayan Calendar End-Date was for a specific phenomenon, why else would the Maya point out a specific date rather than an era. And as the Mayans had studied cycles for many years, it must be something that is cyclic in nature, something that had happened before, something they felt was going to happen again according to a chronology they could calculate.

What cycles did they use to make this determination? From their mythologies – primarily cosmological in nature (like most ancient cultures) – they were most interested in the motions of the planets. They saw something in the motions that they could use to predict… well, whatever it was they feared would recur.

Could it have been an age of enlightenment coming as José Argüelles, John Major Jenkins, and Carl Johan Calleman, among many others, predict? Of course, it is possible, but how did we get lost from the last age of enlightenment?

That is not explained by any of these authors, but they do not seem to think it had happened before. From the Mayan writings, this was apparently something that had happened before and was planned on repeating. Were we going to get enlightened and lose it again, apparently as we were supposed to have done before? Perhaps enlightenment was not the event they were foretelling.

Could the Maya have been thinking of some sort of doomsday scenario, like an impact from a comet, meteor, or black hole? Certainly, it would be a very singular event that could signal the end of the calendric period. But, again, as the Maya seem to have built their calendar on studies of cycles, what possible cyclic recurring doomsday can they have foreseen? Are errant comets/meteors/black holes that predictable?

Or could the planet Nibiru going to be the culprit? Zechariah Sitchin, proponent and creator of this theory, stated that the mystery planet returned very cyclically every 3,600 years. But he reiterates that 2012 is most definitely not the return date.

Nibiru would already be visible to our telescopes if it was arriving ahead of Sitchin’s timetable but nowhere do we find any evidence of its approach. I have seen websites that claim it will become visible to the naked eye by May of 2010. Videos on Youtube claim it is already visible.

Confusing, huh? But none of that has anything to do with the mystery planet. Just ask Zechariah Sitchin.

And that leaves us with nothing to do but scratch our heads. What scenario would fit what the Maya have predicted with their marvelous calendar, if anything?

Let’s see… they claimed each age ended with something involving the Sun, each new age was called a new Sun, and as the Sun is the energy source dominating the Solar System, perhaps they noticed the cycles of the planets were somehow resonating with something about the Sun. (Just an hypothesis here.)

And the Sun? They claimed each new age was a new Sun, which means 2012 has something to do with the Sun. So my theory is that something will happen to the Sun in 2012. Of course, nothing may happen to the Sun but I think it is what the Mayans thought.

It is known that 2012 will bring a very active period to the Sun, specifically in regard to sunspots. So, what if the sunspots went completely overboard? What if they covered a large portion of the Solar disk so that the Sun appeared extremely dimmed?

When the sunspots eventually disappeared in the past it must have seemed that the Sun had been born again, hence a new Sun Age.

If anyone else has another theory that makes more sense, I would love to hear it.

I could be wrong. And the Mayans might be wrong as well.

Celebrating Nothing

January 1, 2010

Can it be that there was not supposed to be any great happenings at the baktun end?

Where did the Mayans get the idea that each baktun or katun-ending was some monumental event? That they thought this is not exactly known but judging from the Books of Chilam Balam (written after the Spanish Conquest) it would seem to be the case. Each successive period had a different “flavor” to it and was ushered in by an important event.

At least this is the interpretation given by Carl Johan Calleman. His insights into what each age meant, their defining moments actually tell us more about the author and his worldview than what the Mayans were talking about.

Is this the reason they abandoned the Long Count or was it something else? If they noticed it was not working the way they anticipated, perhaps the whole thing had to be trashed… but they kept the tzolkin, and the haab, and the Calendar Round.

Where did they get the notion that the katun and baktun endings were of importance? In our present society, whichever calendar you are using, the New Year’s Day is celebrated as the start of something new, separating everyone from the year before.

I don’t think anyone actually expects for something great to occur on New Year’s Day so where did the Maya get this notion? From the histories I have seen, it did not appear to be anything monumental in their earlier period but gained in importance later on.

Could it be that the King’s of the Classic Period, assuming the dates were of major importance, planned wars on the appointed day then, when the expected outcome was not achieved, they simply blamed the calendar?

This could explain why the Long Count was abandoned. It was a tool they assumed was broken. It was as if they – the Classic Era Maya – had already forgotten the intent of the Calendar itself. They had already forgotten about the end of the Fifth Sun. Instead, they had assumed the Long Count acted much the same as the tzolkin: as an augury.

It is a shame they abandoned the Long Count but even more of a shame that they seem to have forgotten exactly what it was all about.

We now understand what the ancients were trying to tell us. Why did the Maya themselves forget?

We learned of their meaning some time ago but wrote it off as superstition, mythology, tales to entertain. Because of our worldview, we could not comprehend the message. So what happened to the Mayan society that altered their worldview in a fashion to make them forget the meaning of the calendar their ancestors had given them?

Easy to see how we could have overlooked it but what caused them to forget? Could it have been nothing more than that daily survival required so much of their intention? Or had the priesthood “played-up” to the kings on the importance of the baktun-ending dates?

We just don’t know why but abandon it they did.

But now, at least, we know what it’s about.

2012 – the Golden Enlightenment… NOT

December 16, 2009

Of all the theories about 2012, the one that tempts me most is the one about universal enlightenment and the coming Golden Age. Who would not like such a state existing for us? It sounds like the Utopia writers have been visualizing for centuries. And it especially looks good when compared to the Doomsday scenarios some other writers are predicting for 2012, who are in the minority, although a very vocal minority.

Most of the authors and websites are backing this horse. Unfortunately, I have seen this snake-oil salesman before. Except that in the 1960’s they proclaimed it coming with the Dawning of the Age of Aquarius. Same shtick, different date. They claimed there would be more peace, love, and understanding. All I’ve seen is more war, hate, and destruction. So far, Aquarius is not my cup of tea.

Of course, many tell us that it is not due to start for a century or more yet, but some of the current prophets have pegged the start to December 21st, 2012. How convenient, huh?

Back in the day, there were more people proclaiming the coming Golden Age than those predicting the end of the world. So, the 2012 phenomenon has given both sides a chance to renew their campaign of hope (or doom, as the case may be). And the numbers for each side are about the same as before. Some people are more propelled by hope while a few see only doom and gloom – almost gleefully, it would seem. But I’ve spoken of that subject before (see “A Deathwish, Perhaps” from July 11th).

Argüelles, Jenkins, and Calleman are the premier authors for this hypothesis and their books have spawned a large number of websites adhering to their slightly varying theories. There are lesser lights as well but too many to mention here.

I, too, would much prefer the Spiritual Convergence descending on us rather than a large chunk of iron but the evidence for it is mighty slim. All the prophets for this angle can do no more than merely state that the Maya were spiritual. Buddha was spiritual but he didn’t have much to say about 2012. Jesus, too, was spiritual, but the tribulations are supposed to come before the golden age on that path. And the rapture does not sound much like the golden age that is supposed to be approaching.

Given that the Maya were spiritual, how could the end of the present age be ushering in a golden one for us? Where did the Maya say this? In all their spiritual writings, where did they mention this coming enlightenment?


It seems that it is just the same prophets of euphoria that held sway in the ’60’s returned again with a new cornerstone for the New Age agenda.

The fact that it has nothing to do with what the Maya actually said is somehow overlooked in the translation. Their agenda was established before the Mayan End-Date was realized. Some may claim their forebears of the ’60’s merely “jumped the gun” by a few decades, but it still has nothing to do with the Maya or their Calendar.

So, if the Mayan were not talking about this golden age to come, what were they talking about?

Let’s consider some other theories…

Dreamspell – the Reincarnation of Pacal Votan

December 16, 2009

José Argüelles, who I credit with starting the “Mayan Calendar phenomenon”, has diverged from the crowd further with the creation of his Mayan Calendar for the New Age. He has interpreted what the intent of the original calendar was and created a calendar for the New Age based on it. Perhaps it was his realization that he was the reincarnation of Pacal Votan that led him to this insight.

The Dreamspell Calendar differs from the modern calendar in that it has 13 months of 28 days each. This 364 day calendar starts every year on July 26th, the heliacal rising of Sirius (a touch from the Egyptian Calendar). But it also differs significantly from the traditional Mayan Calendar.

A lot of people subscribe to his vision but a lot of Mayan phenomena authors are in disagreement. Jenkins and Calleman disagree but that could be because their own interpretations have already diverged in different directions.

The field is constantly evolving, it would seem.

Some think José has gone off the deep-end with this talk of being the reincarnation of a famous Mayan King, but – hey! – if you believe in reincarnation, you know everybody is reincarnated from somebody before. Even Pacal claimed to be the reincarnation of an earlier king who had claimed to be an even earlier king (himself claiming to be the reincarnation of Kukulcan, or Quetzalcoatl). He did not claim to be Napoleon or Jesus or anyone like that and as he was the one who brought the Mayan Calendar to our notice, why not?

As for the changing the calendar, that’s his prerogative – incarnation of Pacal or not – but I don’t think it was what the Mayans were talking about. The Dreamspell Calendar is a re-working of the haab calendar with a touch of the tzolkin. The haab was the standard yearly calendar of the Maya and the tzolkin was their augury (fortune-telling) calendar. The Maya had certainly divorced them from the Long Count during the peak of their civilization, but it was the one with major importance to this study. Neither the haab nor the tzolkin have and End-Date, as does the Long-Count.

If anyone else wishes to restructure the tzolkin or haab, it won’t mean anything to the study of the End-date any more than does the creation by Argüelles.

As there are many adherents who have followed him along the Dreamspell path I am certain it is meaningful to many.

But it has nothing to do with my studies into the End-Date.

Ages and Ages

December 14, 2009

The Book of Chilam Balam talks about the changing of the eras from katun to katun, the character of each defining each period much like the signs of the zodiac do in astrology. This is fine as an exercise but is it really intended to map out history?

In the book The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness by Carl Johan Calleman, he tries to do just that. His breaking down the historical periods by the characteristics outlined by the katuns sounds good but such an exercise is always highly subjective. (Just check out the lists on listverse to see what I mean.)

Sure, you can pick out an era of war, political overthrow, drought or famine. Practically every year in history has something like that somewhere on the planet.

But before I even got to that part of his very detailed and scholarly book, I was put off by the argument he was building. Perhaps I misunderstood what he was saying, or perhaps there was a typo, but there was a statement on page 85 that said some scientists theorized there was a crystalline structure at the core of the Earth. Then, one page later, he says since “the only thing we know for certain” is the crystalline structure at the core…

Since his theory was based on this bit of information, it sort of fell apart for me.

Still, the historical breakdown was interesting, even if it told me more about the author than about the Maya. I don’t think a person can create such a list without having to first decide what is important in history and what one might decide is important, others might find of minimal importance.

I am not certain what the Mayan Calendar and their End-Date has to do with the content of the Books of Chilam Balam, but it is a very interesting study.