Posts Tagged ‘Hero Twins’

A Little Off-topic, perhaps

March 19, 2010

With the talk of Velikosky and the catastrophic view of cosmic history for planet Earth, I thought I would throw in my two cents worth. It seems almost everyone has a theory about how we got here, and I am no different.

The usual scientific theories involve the planets coalescing from remnant Solar material or something along that line which would imply all the planets came into being pretty much around the same time, give or take a million years or so.

Velikovsky’s notion was that the planets were created in different fashions and at differing times, some even within the cultural history of mankind. That runs completely contrary to the standard scientific model. Others suppose Venus to be a late-comer on the scene, like Velikovsky, but still millions of years old, unlike the catastrophic view.

Years ago I heard a theory, after scientists detected radio noise coming from Jupiter, that Jupiter was a nascent solar object, either an unborn star or one gearing up for such. My thought was quite the reverse of their theory: Jupiter had already been through the solar stage.

Several ancient civilizations have stories about ancient gods coming in pairs like the Hero Twins of Mayan myth, sons of one of an older set of twins. It struck me that Uranus and Neptune are similar as are the pair, Jupiter and Saturn.

So, I wondered, what if the Uranus-Neptune pair was a Sun that pulled apart and shed molten material, smelted from the furnace of its interior, to form planets. Perhaps a similar fate awaited the next stellar object: Jupiter-Saturn. Maybe this system had been a binary star system until the demise of Jupiter-Saturn, or a trinary system earlier.

Either way, the planets were formed of the molten substance formed in the center of the stellar object and when it got too large and unbalanced was thrown out of the gaseous sphere.

Similar to this is the molten center of our planet, still smelting the elements at its core. Every so often, slag rises to the surface of the mix and hits the underside of one of the plates forming the crust. This could cause an earthquake, or perhaps it is the cumulative effect of repeated impacts that cause the imbalance and the earthquakes.

And it is the rotating smelter of the core that actually creates gravity by its motion, making a vortex.

So, there’s another wild theory in a nutshell – or a nut-case.

Ancient Chaos

January 14, 2010

One problem I find with the Saturnian Model(s) and such is that they either disregard the myths of the world ages or they give no mechanism for the change of ages. Most simply have some unknown outside agent – i.e. comet or meteor – arrive to change the conditions.

Unfortunately, if they followed the mythologies closer they would see that most ancients mentioned the ages repeated on a cyclic basis, as if there were an established sequence. This means the objections I have mentioned about most doomsday theories on the Mayan Calendar End-Date apply here as well. The theories of random events to further along the Saturnian model disregard the ancient evidence.

Alfred de Grazia lamented in one of his works that he was probably the “last Velikovskian” since so many of the followers of Velikovsky have gone in other directions. I guess that makes two of us as I still think Velikovsky was essentially correct.

Dwardu Cardona said he used to think Velikovsky was correct in the big picture but incorrect in the details, but later changed his opinion to think he was correct in the details but wrong in the big picture.

So many of the catastrophist community has endorsed one or another of the Saturn models. Most endorse either the Talbott/Cardona (/Thornill/Cochrane) model wherein the Earth sat “beneath” the gas giant so that it appeared to be a “god of the North Pole” or the equally popular model that simply has the Earth as a satellite of Saturn. In both models, Saturn is seen as a “dark star” or possibly a binary partner to the Sun, although not in all models.

There is still no consensus on the matter.

One problem with taking the ancient myths and aligning them is that they do not all say the same things, regardless of the statements of Talbott, Cardona and company to the contrary. There are variations as not everyone’s memory is the same. No one’s mythology is the same as another. They claim that all societies proclaim this Saturn as the god at the North Pole – but what about the societies south of the equator? Could they have revered the god of the north that they could not even see?

Who knows?

Did the Maya refer to any of this in their mythology? Perhaps. There is the tale of the Hero Twins shooting Seven Macaw (the previous Sun) out of the World Tree. Some say Seven Macaw is another representation of the Big Dipper (Ursa Major) in the Northern Sky, so one could argue this is a tie-in. But that is about as far as the similarity goes.

If someone knows a better correlation, I would love to hear it.

Jaguar Maws

December 27, 2009

In the Mayan tales, the Jaguar is highlighted as a peculiarly benevolent creature. Not only do the Hero Twins of their mythology wear the skin from the beast but their Sun of the Underworld is called the Jaguar Sun (see yesterday’s article on the Midnight Sun).

They are known to have sought refuge in caves (something also mentioned in Revelations in the Bible – [6:15] And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains) and their water supply came from revered water caves called “cenotes”.

But the caves in which they sought refuge were also termed “mouth of the jaguar”. Picturing sticking your head in a jaguar’s mouth seems like a very UN-safe practice. Why would the jaguar seem such a protective creature to the Maya?

Knowing that the midnight sun was determined to be a jaguar, why did the Maya equate the dimmed Sun with safety?

Other than the visual comparison of the spotted Sun with the pelt of the spotted feline, there must have been some other connection that denoted safety.

As we know, the end of each Sun Age was accompanied by some sort of devastation, whether flood, wind, or earthquake, and it would be natural to seek some place of safety – like a cave, I suppose – and it might appear natural to think of it terms similar to the jaguar-resemblance of the Sun but I still have not found the connection.

If anyone has any suggestions, I would love to hear them.

the Midnight Sun

December 26, 2009

How could the Sun actually go out?

Personally, I don’t think it could happen in the short time we have remaining, but I could be wrong. But this is not about what I think, it’s about what the Maya said.

In their famous Tale of the Hero Twins, they are visiting the “Underworld”. The Underworld has been referred to as the realm of the dead and as the world of night. The one puzzling statement concerning this is that the Underworld has a Sun, the Jaguar Sun. He is also referred to as the Sun of Night.

How can there be a Sun at night? Isn’t that what is supposed to separate day from night: the Sun?

One of the Hero twins wears a jaguar pelt – tawny fur covered with black spots – and his brother wears bits of the fur with black spots glued onto his skin.

Why the reverence for the jaguar and what does it have to do with the night? Or the Sun for that matter!

Let’s turn again to a different source: “the Book of Revelations” from the Holy Bible. From book 6, verse 12: “And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood”.

What is this “sackcloth of hair” that the Sun comes to resemble? It is the same as a burlap sack, not really black but darker in color than one would expect the Sun to be. The color of burlap is tawny and, very oddly, resembles the color of a jaguar pelt.

So I think this means the Sun will not completely extinguish but will become covered with sunspots, enough so that the light will be diminished greatly. Its aspect will resemble a jaguar’s pelt: a sackcloth of hair.

And, as the light will be greatly diminished, the “Jaguar Sun” will be the “Sun of Night” or the underworld.

Far from being some sort of fantasy, it appears the ancients had actually witnessed such a thing occur. This, believe it or not, seems to be history though unlike anything you would find in a history text. The ancient myths can be telling us exactly what happened to them in the past and through the Calendar warning us of its re-occurrence.

From the event itself, they must have realized that within the solar orb lay the answer to when it would happen again. The ancients began studying the cycles – how they knew which would lead them to the repeat performance I cannot fathom – and from this derived when the present Sun would diminish again.

They required no psychic to foresee a meteor or cometary impact, no fortune-teller to warn of a pole-shifting event, no mystic to call for universal enlightenment. All they needed was mathematics and the power of observation.

Pythagoras in ancient Greece and Newton in renaissance England both hypothesized that God created the world with certain patterns and that through a complete comprehension of the numbers and the patterns, one could know God.

I am certain that either of those two worthies would have felt at home working with the Maya on their calendar-creating project. Both of them did what the ancient Maya did: study the cycles of the world and the universe around them to discern the pattern.

That pattern is a warning to us concerning the true nature of our world and its place in the cosmos. The New Age prophets may have been right about the coming enlightenment but I think it will come through a better understanding of the universe and the path to the divine rather than something as transitory as aligning with the center of the galaxy.

Spirituality and physical are two insuperable parts of the whole. The Maya knew this and they tried to tell us in the best way they could.

the Ancient Ball Game

December 7, 2009

One of the most prevalent things in the Mesoamerican world is the ball court. A game played – almost impossible to score – where the loser actually loses his head. At least, so the modern interpretation goes.

There seems to be an unusual prevalence of the head in the Mayan literature of the Hero Twins. The father of the Hero Twins lost his head which then spit into the hand of a girl, who then became pregnant with the Hero Twins. The pair grew to journey to the Underworld and beat the game to “resurrect” their father – as some sources say: free him to be reincarnated. During the ensuing Ball Game one of the Hero Twins loses his own head, which is used for the game ball for a while until replaced by a gourd.

Perhaps the tale is mixing metaphors. On one hand, giving some basis for belief in reincarnation, and on the other: describing cosmological events.

So, is the tale of the Hero Twins really a cosmological story? The head that spits to impregnate the young goddess sounds much like a “god” figure (i.e. planet – round like a head; see the previous post on the Olmec heads), so where in the cosmology is a “god” killed and spits to impregnate another that gives birth to twins?

Are they compressing a couple of suns into one here or what? And how does this relate to the classic Ball Game?

“In prehistoric Mexico, the ball bouncing between the players on opposing teams represented the sun struggling to rise out of the night sky and then falling again at the end of the day, as well as a changing of the seasons.”

“Fertility is a theme of the ballgame from the earliest times; for example, Formative period ballplayer figurines – most likely female – often wear maize icons. The theme of solar movement is tied to fertility and the bouncing ball is thought to have represented the sun, and the sacrifice of a ballplayer represented the death of the sun, which would then be reborn. In its inherent duality, the game appears as a struggle between day and night, and/or a battle between life and the underworld. The stone scoring rings are said to signify sunrise and sunset, or equinoxes. Courts were considered portals to the underworld and were built in key locations within the central ceremonial precincts.”

Here, the interpretations about the ball relate it to the movement of the Sun and specifically it’s struggle against the darkness of nighttime.

The Hohokam, early inhabitants in Southern Arizona, as well as the Sinagua, in Northern Arizona, seem to have had ballcourts. The one at Wupatki, near Flagstaff, AZ, appears to be the northernmost example of the ballcourt.

While living in Northern Arizona, I had the good fortune to come across another apparent ball court in the National Forest there. It was a long depression ringed with stones – not as deep as the ritual ballcourts so perhaps this one was used only for recreation – about seventy-five feet along each side with rounded ends.

What is puzzling is that there are no ritual ballcourts at that greatest of ancient cities, Teotihuacan. But murals there show that several ball games were played there for recreation, even if not for ritual purpose: a two-player game in an open-ended masonry ballcourt and a game with teams using sticks on an open field whose end zones are marked by stone monuments.

So there were various versions of the game over the centuries from something resembling field hockey to something similar to soccer. Modern scholars assume the “hip-ball” version to be the most widespread variety.

It seems to have been more than a simple sport to the Maya and Aztecs. The Maya saw the game as a battle between the lords of the underworld and their earthly adversaries, the Aztecs saw it as a battle between the forces of night led by the moon and the stars. Both are cosmological and mythological in orientation, but what interpretation

So how far was the ballgame spread? And where did it come from? And, more importantly, what did it really mean?