Posts Tagged ‘Sun’

How Exacting Can You Get?

October 16, 2012

Several people have asked me to get a little more exact in the prediction for “the end of the world”.

Of course, that would mean that I actually thought the world was coming to an ending event at some point in December 2012.

First off, I don’t think any such thing is going to happen. As I said in my book, 12-20-2012; Our Last Golden Sunset?(available in digital and print formats at Amazon), there won’t be any such ending (or at least not one prophesied by the Maya) or any sort of “beginning” to an end.

As I said in the book, that’s not what the Maya were talking about.

Far from it.

But, in the interest of academic thought, I have done some calculation and have come up with a more exacting timeframe for the predicted event, or non-event.

The Maya Calendar will end at 7:38 AM (EST) on December 21st, 2012, give or take a decade or two. And that’s about as exact as I can get it.

So, if nothing happens at that time, you will not have wasted the whole day, huh?

And if something does happen on that Friday morning, you can just get your weekend started a little sooner, huh?

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Planetary Show

March 31, 2012

The skies have been an interesting place in recent evenings. Just after the Sun set in the west, Venus became visible some distance up in the sky and, a short time later, Mercury could be seen closer to the horizon.

Then Jupiter could be seen near to Venus. Venus grew closer and eventually passed Jupiter in the sky heading for its turn around as it heads back toward the Sun for a conjunction later this year. And during this period, the Moon passed all those pageant.

Before Mercury set in the west, Mars was seen as a shining pink spot further to the east. And further still was Saturn but it did not rise until after Mercury had set.

So, all Seven of the ancient lights in the sky that early observers wrote about could be seen in the course of a single hour.

Throughout most of recorded history, the lights we see now and their motions – so ponderous and predictable – have been a comfort as well as a bit of a mystery to Man. In today’s world, we know more about those lights than our ancestor’s did; answered many of the questions they must have posed before our time.

With all the majestic motion entailed from ancient times until now, it is hard to imagine those orbs doing anything but continue in their graceful paths.

Was it always so? Many ancients hinted at something strange and frightening being seen above us in the darkness. The very fact that they grew concerned about tracking the movements causes one to wonder if perhaps something catastrophic had occurred in those early times, as writers like Velikovsky have told.

Or was their record-keeping nothing more than idle curiosity over the movement of the planets? It seems a rather strange thing for early man to be struggling to survive and yet have time to record in detail those movements. And the practice was so worldwide – and under government sponsorship – that one wonders exactly what their reasons could have been.

No, governments do not usually put a lot of manpower into idle curiosities.

But, then, we may never know for certain why they did it.

And yet we can still feel the same wonder.

Endings, and New Beginnings

February 15, 2012

The End-Date of the Mayan Calendar has led to a lot of speculation. Many see it as a time of destruction and chaos, maybe even Doomsday.

Many see it as a time of spiritual awakening, leading to a Golden Age for Mankind.

But, I wonder, are the two mutually exclusive?

Certainly the four previous Suns of the Maya have ended with a bit of a problem for the humans living at the time.

One ended by fire, one ended by whirlwinds, one ended by floods, and one ended by a bunch of wild beasts. And this current Sun is supposed to end with earthquakes.

None of these scenarios sound like a Saturday afternoon picnic. Any one will cause a panic for sure even if the result was a sort of spiritual awakening by the handful of survivors.

Perhaps only a handful could really have a spiritual awakening anyway. More, and there might be the same old mess we have currently.

It is interesting that the periods at the end of each Sun also call for a period of darkness. Most people assume this merely means a darkness on the spirit of man.

What if the darkness were actually a little bit more? What if the Sun were actually being renewed?

The Book of Revelations tells us in the ends days that the Sun will turn the color of sackcloth, and there will be darkness across the lands.

The last page of Dresden Codex has a warning about the end of this Sun: flooding and “black earth” & “black on high”.

Earthquakes will probably cause flooding and probably some fires, but the interesting part is the “black on high”.

Sure, that could be a description of dark clouds overhead but, if so, I think they would have mentioned clouds.

It sounds more like the sky.

And once the Sun does not shine as brightly, we would see dark skies and the stars in the “daytime”.

Every ending, however, leads to new beginnings.

And maybe it will be a spiritual awakening after all.

the Week

January 4, 2012

I have heard a lot of different theories about the week and the way it was arranged.

The Romans used a time interval longer than seven days in their earlier period but gradually adjusted it down to seven. From what I can tell, the Hebrews had seven days since their earliest writings.

But today we have seven days named Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. There are also interesting theories about how they came up with those names.

Sun-day and Moon-day are fairly obvious but the next few seem to come to us from the old Norse gods: Tewes-day, Woden’s-day, Thor’s-day, and Freya-day. The last day was named for Saturn.

Apparently some monk in the past realized the planets arranged in their distance from the Earth were Sun, Moon, Venus, Mercury, Jupiter, Mars, and Saturn.

The “distance-from” criteria is wrong as we now know but I can not figure out how someone thought the Sun was closer than the Moon since the latter eclipses the former, and not vice-versa.

Also, I question the rational of equating Woden, king of the gods, with Mercury. Actually, this bit of connection was done by the early Roman writers and their correlation seems to have stuck, regardless of the rationale or complete lack of it.

But Woden was Mercury? Wasn’t he the god that plucked out his eye for wisdom? And the only planet I know with a large red spot is Jupiter.

And they thought Thor was Jupiter? Yeah, I can see that the god with the bright red hair and red beard, and very warlike, should not be equated with the red planet.

Obviously, someone is not putting things together correctly to my mind. But, maybe I’m wrong.

Still, if you follow the Sun and planets in order of brightness: Sun, Moon, Venus, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Saturn. And there, amazingly, you also have the arrangement of the days of the week.

At least, to my mind, it really seems to be that simple.

Also, it is interesting that the Spanish still call Saturday, “Sabado”, the Sabbath. We celebrate the Sabbath on Sunday, even though it used to be on Saturday as well. So why did its worship on Saturday end? Well, let’s not get into that discussion at the present as it would open a whole big can of worms.

the Fire Cycle

January 1, 2012

The “Fire Cycle” is formed by the conjunction of the 260-day tzolkin and the 360-day haab every fifty-two years.

Although the existence of the repeating cycle and it’s recurrence every fifty-two years is well known, the ceremony associated with it has caused no end of confusion.

The ceremony was quite simple: everyone in the region doused all their flames, all their fires, all their lights on the appointed evening. Then everyone waited.

The priests at the local ceremonial center watched the skies to ascertain that the Earth was not going to be destroyed. Then, when they were certain the Earth was spared yet again, they lit the central fire.

People from all over the region lit torches from this new fire and carried the flame back to their villages to re-ignite the fires all over the countryside.

This scene happened at not one, but at all the Mayan ceremonial centers.

But what was this huddling in the darkness to see if the world would be destroyed?

There are plenty of theories on the subject, most of them centering on some superstitious mumbo-jumbo about a bad storm in the past – perhaps a bad hurricane or some such – and they feared it would return.

Even Velikovsky weighed in on this one, thinking it coincided with the returning of the planet Mars to come into close contact with Earth.

But still no one mentions a correlation to the most curious aspect of this scenario.

Why gather in the dark and wait until the first glow of dawn is evidenced in the east?

Sure the whole thing may be some sort of mumbo-jumbo but even superstition is based in something that makes some sense.

Yes, a hurricane does sometimes make the sky very dark. But they are not protecting themselves from wind, rain, or any of the elementary forces in that regard.

From the records I have seen, it does not appear that this ceremony goes too far distant in the past. Not anything like near the starting period of the Classic Period. In fact, it seems to become prevalent in the later Classic Period.

In other words, after the Maya had already abandoned the Long Count.

Could it be that some ceremony concerned with the Long Count was transferred to the fifty-two year correlation of the other two calendars?

And if that were the case, what could be the importance of the darkness?

If you have not seen any of my articles before this one, the answer may surprise you. (Please read further details in the other articles if you find it too highly unlikely.)

It could be that they fear the Sun will go out sooner than the end of the Long Count. For some reason they seem to have the idea that it will happen at one of the fifty-two year celebrations.

And perhaps they forgot that was what the Long Count was for: counting the days to the end of the Sun. Literally.

How could they ever forget something as major as that?

Good question. Perhaps when they lost faith in the Long Count, they lost faith in a lot of things it was supposed to stand for and that would include the coming of the New Sun, Fifth Sun.

Which was due right after Fourth Sun was extinguished.

Some Correlations of the Mayan Calendars

April 21, 2010

Where did the 260 days come from? One theorist says the year used to be that length before it jumped up to 360 days. But other than the Mayan usage, I cannot find evidence of such a thing. If I have overlooked it, I would welcome any illumination on it.

Others theorize that it is nothing more than the length of human gestation… that or the length of time it takes to cultivate maize. Both good guesses but one does not have to go to such lengths.

I have always thought the calendar had been built on celestial events, cosmological patterns. So, where does the 260 come from? I believe it is nothing more than a microcosm of the Long Count. Another example of the Mayan obsession with cycles-within-cycles.

The Long Count has thirteen baktuns of twenty katuns each. The Books of Chilam Balam show that the Mayan elders of the past had been able to assign meanings, prophecies to each of the katuns.

The other calendar they use as an augury, each day with a meaning, is the tzolkin. This augury calendar is 260 days in length, each day with a meaning.

Likewise, the Long Count of the Fifth Sun is 260 katuns in length, each katun with a meaning.

One is like the other and, I believe, the meanings in one are mirrored – albeit on a different scale – with the other.

Does the 260 have yet another meaning? Perhaps, but I haven’t found it.

So, from the larger cycle of 260 katuns, they might have noticed the cycle on the smaller scale as well. Or it could be that they noticed personal cycles ran a course of 260 days (probably linked to some celestial phenomena) before repeating. And this was expanded to the macroscale of the Long Count.

Just as many astrologers believe the emanations of the planets create effects on this planet, the Mayan see all source of energy stemming from the Sun. The Sun gives its own stamp to the Age – this one is the Earthquake Sun – and its energies control the movements of all the planets in its system. By studying the separate parts of the system and the timing cycles that are profiles of their character, the Maya could understand the entire Solar System.

The previous Sun had a different “personality” and a different set of cycles. I do not think the same Long Count calendar would have worked properly in that Sun Age, but then that is a personal opinion rather than something gleaned from the Mayan writings.

I am sure there are things we may never know… even after the Mayan Elders have revealed the last of their “secrets”.

Astronomical Cycles

April 11, 2010

Given that all calendar systems in the world are built around celestial motions – day and year from the Sun, the month from the Moon, primarily – it is likely that the Mayan Calendar was designed to align with similar phenomena.

Noting their attention to the cycles of the planets – Venus, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn – I would say it is close to a sure bet. They were obsessed with celestial motions. But then so were the majority of ancient civilizations.

But it is also a pretty fair assumption that, from modern scientific theories aside, the celestial motions we see today was not what the ancients were seeing. What evidence is there? Quite a bit, actually.

First of all, many ancient civilizations kept track of the days in a year – as well as the days in a month – and they were all in agreement that the year was 360 days long and the month had thirty days. Then, at the same period, all the calendars went haywire.

Historians say it was simply a case of miscounting. Really? I might believe that if they all had different numbers for the year but most were in agreement of 360 days. And when the numbers went crazy, it was the same the world around. And after a few years they all came up with the new numbers for the year and month lengths… and they were, again, in agreement.

It was not that the ancients did not know how to count, what they were counting was something we can no longer see. And what did they see? I don’t know if we’ll ever know. Some creative mathematician could probably put the data into a formula and come up with an answer, but that is not my strength.

One person even suggested that the length of the year was 260 days in the far distant past and the reason for the length of the tzolkin, but I have not found corroborating evidence.

If Velikovsky is correct, we can understand their fascination – or horror – with the planets Venus, Mars, and Mercury. But why the reverence – or is it apprehension? – of the Pleiades? It is not like they could have gone out of orbit and had a close encounter with Earth… they are not in orbit. But could something have come from the direction of the Pleiades in the past that made them wary of that constellation?

Their myths would seem to indicate something of the sort but, once again, exactly what is not quite known.

I wonder if someone has done an astrological or astronomical study on this subject?

a Question of Mathematics

April 8, 2010

Many say the number 13 used by the Maya comes from the joints of the body or the number of heavens or hells… that’s the reverse of reality. Their calendar was not based on earthly concepts or structures, it was – as most other calendars around the world – based on celestial phenomena, cosmology. The day is based on the Sun, as is the year (because of the inclination of our axis), the month is based on the Moon (even if it is not very exact to a month today).

They understood that cosmic cycles varied slightly from one occurrence to another and they used an average in the calendar. After building the entire structure of baktuns and katuns, they used something cosmological to define the numbers of each of these cyclical components.

The 260 days of the tzolkin were not there because of the maize-growing period or for the length of human gestation. It was there because there are 260 katuns in the calendar.

Astrologers are familiar with the “one day equals a year” in the formulation of progressed horoscopes for individuals. The Mayans understood this as well. That’s why the tzolkin is the calendar they use as an augury and its larger magnitude-mirror, the katun, has separate meanings as well. The Chilam Balam is filled with katun prophecies and parallels the tzolkin.

One has 260 separate meanings, and so does the other.

The cosmos is mirrored onto the planet. Their word “kin” means Sun, and time, and day. The passage of the Sun overhead defines the day, and represents the passing of time. But there is a deeper meaning here. The Sun actually defines time itself in what it passes to the other spheres in the Solar System. This is understood in astrology as well.

The giant celestial clock of the Solar System is controlled and defined by the Sun itself. The manifestations of its character are present in the very motions of all its parts. To understand the intertwining cycles took the Maya several centuries to map completely but they accomplished the task.

If they had done this during the previous Sun, as Carlos Barrios says in the Book of Destiny, they would not have needed so much time to complete the calculations. The reason it took so long was because the Sun we now have is different than the previous Sun and a whole new set of calculations had to be made.

And when the next Sun comes along, they will have to do it all over again.

the World Without the Sun

March 30, 2010

Most people simply cannot imagine that the world would be able to survive without the Sun shining brightly down upon us. They think, if the Maya were right about the Sun going out, it really will be the end of the world!

I suppose if the Sun were actually gone that would be the end of planet Earth. But, fortunately, that is not what the Maya foresaw – having been through it once before. The Sun will only dim, appreciably to be sure, but not go out completely.

It will much resemble what the author of Revelations saw as sackcloth of hair (Rev.6:12) which means the Sun will still be shining but diminished, resembling the pelt of the Jaguar so revered by the Maya of old.

The planet will not freeze over, the plants will still be able to utilize photosynthesis, and we will probably get along with flashlights for awhile.

But what accompanies this transformation may not be so easy to live with. This Sun is called Earthquake Sun and the world is supposed to be wracked with a lot of jolting movement.

There may be some sort of “golden enlightenment” or spiritual awakening because of this but it is most definitely not the reason for the end of their calendar.

I am sure there will be changes, but very far from an end of the world.

the Book of Destiny

March 23, 2010

I recently finished reading the new book by Carlos Barrios, a Mayan Shaman and member of the Council of Maya Elders. It is really a must read for anyone interested in the whole Maya End-of-Days Calendar craze.

There are so many insights given to the way of thinking of the Maya, past and present, that one can almost sense the marvel of the ancient and classic Maya themselves. Their world view is refreshing – as opposed to our usual instant-gratification planned-obsolescence – and reminiscent of the old pagan societies around the world.

The one major turn-off for me in the volume was the tease with “unrevealed” Mayan lore that he would introduce and then explain that the Council of Elders said they were not going to release that data just yet. What’s the big deal, huh?

There was also a few points where he was commenting how good their prophecies were and mentioned a few things they had predicted. It would have helped if he had mentioned exactly where they had predicted these events so we could see the wonders of their prophecy for ourselves, but that was not forthcoming. Many writers mention the Books of Chilam Balam as great prophetic works but they seem as definitive as the quatrains of Nostradamus. I prefer my prophecy a little more exacting.

In another spot he mentioned that the Maya had computed the Venus cycle during the Sun just previous to the current one. But I thought the birth of Venus coincided with the start of this Sun. That could, however, be a misunderstanding somewhere along the line.

Those couple of bits aside, the book transported me into the different world of the Maya, past and present. Their spirituality was so infused in their culture that it is easy to see how Jenkins, Calleman, and the other major writers on the subject continually stress the spiritual aspect of the End-Date. One begins to think that perhaps the “golden age” of human enlightenment is the true meaning of the completion of the Long Count.

Another interesting note in the volume is the inclusion of the extended history of the Maya people and the location they came from across the eastern sea that preceded their sojourn in Mesoamerica: Atlantis. This notion dovetails fairly well with what Edgar Cayce said about the Atlanteans as well.

I do not know how long the Elders are going to wait before revealing the remainder of their hidden knowledge but I will be on the watch for the next volume in the set.

Whenever they decide to release it.